||10 lei 2006 - Hoard of Cucuteni-Băiceni||
13.92 mm diameter, 1.224 g, gold 99.9%, grained edge |
Obverse: face value 10 LEI, year 2006, Romanian coat of arms, ROMANIA, image of a gold harness appliqué from the hoard of Cucuteni-Băiceni
|Reverse: ritual image on the cheek part of the gold helmet, inscription "TEZAURUL CUCUTENI BAICENI" meaning "HOARD OF CUCUTENI BAICENI"
Issuing date: 16th of October 2006
Mintage: 500 coins
The 10 lei 2006 gold coin (Hoard of Cucuteni-Băiceni) pictures above are present on the site through the permission of an anonymous donor.
About the Hoard of Cucuteni-Băiceni
The hoard was discovered in 1959. Nowadays this hoard can be admired at the National History Museum of Romania in Bucharest. There are only gold objects in the hoard: a helmet, two parade bracelets, several harness appliqués of which four are square, three circular, four triangular, one rectangular and one violin-shaped, two spherical buttons, other less important objects, over 2 kg of gold in total.
The helmet is 34.5 cm tall, having a maximum diameter of 25 cm. The diameter at the base is 21 cm. The helmet mass is about 500 grams. It was manufactured from gold sheet and was adorned in the "au repoussé" technique with a lot of spirals and lines. "Au repoussé" is a French term, and presumes that the sheet of metal is beaten from the underside in order to obtain shapes in relief. On the cheek protecting region of the helmet a person sitting on a throne is represented - scene considered to have ritual significance. This scene is the one appearing on the coin reverse.
One square (of 9.4 cm side) appliqué from the hoard featuring four horse heads is represented on the coin obverse. The appliqué mass is approximately 100 grams. The aspect of the appliqué, a central umbo surrounded by the horse heads, is usually connected with the representation of the Sun, a very common motif used from the ancient times until today. The shape is a swastika with the arms bent to the left, named sauwastika in Sanskrit. Swastika, a.k.a. gammadion, crux gammata or hooked cross, has the arms bent to the right.
About the Cucuteni commune
The Cucuteni commune from Iași county is located at 57 kilometers from the municipality of Iași, a few kilometers north from the town of Tîrgu Frumos.
The village of Cucuteni, mentioned in a document from 1772, has today about 700 inhabitants. The village of Băiceni (were the hoard was actually dug up, part of the Cucuteni commune) is mentioned in a document from 1454, being today inhabited by approximately 500 people. On a hill near the village was found a Thracian-Getic hoard of gold objects. The hoard was dated in the 4th-3rd century BC.
The village of Cucuteni gave its name to a Neolithic culture from the 4th-3rd milleniums BC, discovered there in the 19th century.
It must be mentioned that in the county of Iași there is another village named Cucuteni. This one is in the commune of Lețcani, at 13 kilometers from the city of Iași.
The History of gold series comprises four pieces of 500 lei from 2001 (featuring the golden cache of Pietroasa), three 100 lei coins from 1999 (and from 2002 and 2003 too) with the Dacian helmet of Poiana-Coțofenești, from 2003 with an eagle from Apahida, from 2004 with the Cantacuzinian engolpion and several of 10 new lei from 2005 with the Perșinari hoard, from 2006 with the Cucuteni-Băiceni hoard, from 2007 with the rhyton of Poroina, from 2008 with the Hinova hoard, from 2010 with the Someșeni hoard, from 2011 with the buckle of Curtea de Argeș and with the cross from Dinogetia and from 2012 with the patera from Pietroasa Hoard.