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10 lei 2012 - Sergiu Celibidache - 100 Years since Birth
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31 mm diameter, 31.103 g, 99.9% silver, grained edge
Obverse: ROMANIA, face value "10 LEI", coat of arms of Romania, year 2012, drawing symbolizing the art of conducting an orchestra: various musical instruments and a hand with a conducting baton
Reverse: bust of the Romanian conductor, inscription SERGIU CELIBIDACHE and years 1912 and 1996, written as fraction

Issuing date: 9th of May 2012

Mintage: 500 coins


About Sergiu Celibidache

The great Romanian conductor and composer Sergiu Celibidache was born at Roman in 1912. At the age of six months he moved to Iaši with his family, and here he spent his childhood. He studied music, philosophy and mathematics at Iaši, Bucharest, Paris and Berlin. He obtained his PhD title in 1944, with a thesis about the Renaissance composer Josquin des Prez [1], [2].

In 1945 he started to conduct the Berlin Philharmonic, where he worked until 1954; from 1946 to 1952 he was de facto the principal conductor of the orchestra [1]. In this period Celibidache conducted more that 400 concerts. After 1954 he conducted numerous prestigious orchestras, on almost all great stages of the world. He was the principal conductor of the Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra (1962-1971), of the Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra (1972-1977), of the French National Radio Broadcasting Orchestra and of the Munich Philharmonic (1979-1996) [1], [2].

In 1992 he was elected honorary member of the Romanian Academy. In 1994 he was awarded with the title of doctor honoris causa of the Art Academy "George Enescu" from Iaši (nowadays, the University of Arts). In 2003 at Iaši a bronze bust of the great Romanian conductor and composer was unveiled. The bust is placed in front of the "Moldova" Philharmonic.

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, (UNESCO) accepted the Romanian request and associated itself to the celebration (in Romania, in 2012) of 100 years since the birth of Sergiu Celibidache [3]. Also in 2012 UNESCO associated itself to the anniversary of 100 years since the birth of George Emil Palade (another famous person from Iaši) and to the commemoration of 100 years since the death of Spiru Haret (only about 50 such associations were accepted by UNESCO for 2012 and 2013 in the whole world).

References

1. Patmore D., NAXOS.com, Sergiu Celibidache, retrieved June 2013.

2. ***, Sergiu Celibidache Foundation, Biography, retrieved June 2013.

3. ***, UNESCO, Key Facts and Figures on Romania / UNESCO Cooperation, retrieved June 2013.


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