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50 lei 2012 - Măzărache Church from Chișinău
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30 mm diameter, 16.5 g, 99.9% silver, grained edge
year 2012, circular inscription REPUBLICA MOLDOVA meaning "REPUBLIC OF MOLDAVIA" and the coat of arms of the Republic of Moldavia, in exergue horizontal line and denomination "50 LEI"
an old image of the church and inscriptions "sec.XVIII" and "BISERICA MĂZĂRACHE DIN CHIȘINĂU" meaning "18TH CENTURY" and "MĂZĂRACHE CHURCH FROM CHIȘINĂU"

Issuing date: 10th of October 2012

Mintage: 1000 coins


This is the second coin from the Holy Houses series. The first one is 50 lei 2010 - Church of Annunciation in Chișinău - 200 years from establishment.

About Măzărache church (Mazarache, Măzărachi, Mazaraki)

Mazarache church was erected in 1752, not far from the right bank of Bîc River, by Vasile Măzărachi or Mazarache [2], a merchant and boyar from Iași. The name of the boyar seems to be derived from the Romanian word "mazăre" meaning pea, completed with the Grecizing suffix "achi". Boyar Mazarachi bought land at Chișinău, and it is known from documents dated in 1739 and 1741 that he was burgomaster of the borough. The hill on which the church is placed also received the name of the boyar.

In its first certain documentary mentioning, from February 1789, the church was dedicated to Saints Joachim and Anne. In 1812 the architecture was modified during a renovation, and the church has lost the steeple over the nave. With the same occasion the church was dedicated to the Nativity of Jesus.

In 1838 the church was changed again, the buttresses on the outer walls having been added. Later the church received also a hallway.

In 1960 the church was conceded to the Russian Orthodox Old-Rite Church. With this occasion the church was dedicated to the Protection of Ever-Virgin Mary [1]. In the final part of the last century the appearance of the building was considerable modified through the construction of the sideways vestibules that separate the access of men and women into the church (custom of the Old-Rite Church believers). This rite is especially strict with its own members, but also with the members of other confessions or even with visitors who want to see the church, that is an important historical monument - the oldest stone building of the city.

The image of the church before the last modifications, that corrupted its historical value for sure, can be seen on a stamp issued in 1996 by Poșta Moldovei (Post of Moldavia).

The church is also represented on the 100 lei from 2011 - 575th Anniversary of Chișinău (the first documentary attestation).

References

1. ***, Centrul istoric al Chișinăului (Historical Center of Chișinău), December 2011.

2. ***, Vasile Măzărachi, Wikipedia, January 2012.


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