||ducat - Mircea the Old||
diameter ~14 mm, ~0.3 g, silver |
Obverse Walachian coat of arms - mountain eagle perched on a helmet
Latin legend: +IVVAn ___ SMIV:
Outer pearl circle
Reverse Coat of arms of the Basarab
family(?): an almost triangular shield split vertically; four bars inside field one, ensign ω (greek letter omega, possibly a mint ensign) inside field two
Latin legend: +IVVAn SIVISnMI
Outer pearl circle
This medieval coin from Mircea the Old belongs to the collection of Mr. Brad Nelson, through the kind permission of whom the pictures are present on Romanian coins.
This silver coin was issued by Mircea the Old (cel Bătrîn), the most glorious and important of all Walachian princes. He ruled Walachia between 1386 and 1418.
As a type this coin is known to Romanian numismatics as Walachian ducat, as complying to the system of Venetian ducats struck in 1202 by Venice. In which concerns its pattern (obverse - reverse), it belongs to the most common ducat type, type that occured to almost every coin issue of the Walachian princes, since Vlaicu I (1364 - 1377) to Basarab (the Old) Laiotă (1473 - 1477, with many interruptions).
The legends on the coinage of Mircea the Old were written both in Latin and Cyrillic (Slavic). This one uses Latin.
There are plenty of different variants in which concerns the legend, its respective fonts, the mint ensigns (usually both on the obverse and reverse, but different) and of course misspellings.
The Bible of Romanian numismatics, Monede și bancnote românești by George Buzdugan, Octavian Luchian and Constantin Oprescu (1976), presents this coin at number 150.
If you are in possession of Romanian medieval coinage other or better than the one featured by our site we ask you to please aid us with pictures. Help from other collectors to complete this numismatic icon is more than needed. Do not hesitate to contact us.