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ducat - Mircea the Old
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Walachian ducat (Slavic legend) of Mircea the Old

diameter ~14 mm, ~0.3 g, silver
Obverse Walachian coat of arms - mountain eagle perched on a helmet, ensign M at right


Slavic legend: +Iω M[..]__θEO
Outer pearl circle

Reverse Coat of arms of the Basarab
family(?): shield split vertically; four bars inside field one, ensign X (Greek letter Chi, possibly a mint ensign) inside field two; a globule in the middle
Slavic legend: +Iω M[...] θ[EO]
Outer and inner pearl circle

This medieval coin from Mircea the Old belongs to the collection of Mr. Dan Lange, through the kind permission of whom the pictures are present on Romanian coins.

This silver coin was issued by Mircea the Old (cel Bătrîn), the most glorious and important of all Walachian princes. He ruled Walachia between 1386 and 1418.

As a type this coin is known to Romanian numismatics as Walachian ducat, as complying to the system of Venetian ducats struck in 1202 by Venice. In which concerns its pattern (obverse - reverse), it belongs to the most common ducat type, type that occured to almost every coin issue of the Walachian princes, since Vlaicu I (1364 - 1377) to Basarab (the Old) Laiotă (1473 - 1477, with many interruptions).

The legends on the coinage of Mircea the Old were written both in Latin and Cyrillic (Slavic). This one uses Cyrillic.

There are plenty of different variants in which concerns the legend, its respective fonts, the mint ensigns (usually both on the obverse and reverse, but different) and of course misspellings.

The Bible of Romanian numismatics, Monede și bancnote românești by George Buzdugan, Octavian Luchian and Constantin Oprescu (1976), presents this coin at number 184.

If you are in possession of Romanian medieval coinage other or better than the one featured by our site we ask you to please aid us with pictures. Help from other collectors to complete this numismatic icon is more than needed. Do not hesitate to contact us.


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