||Walachian ducat - Mircea the Old||
rough diameter ~13 mm, 0.38 g, silver |
Obverse Walachian coat of arms - mountain eagle perched on a helmet
Latin legend: +IWAn ___ mvnaz
Outer pearl circle
Reverse Coat of arms of the Basarab
family(?): an almost round shield split vertically; four bars inside field one, ensign I (a mint ensign) inside field two
Latin legend: +IWan:DI:mvnaz
Outer pearl circle
We display on this page a recent, very well manufactured fake. For a sufficiently long time we, the authors of the site, ourselves deemed the piece to be authentic, so we appologize for unintendedly misleading of perhaps many visitors. Two ideas are to be stressed here. The fakes will still be published on Romanian coins because they hold information about the originals (that are very rare, indeed) or at least their sides and because, being somehow often found on the market, several other collectors might also fall prey to these forgeries.
On the previous and next pages you will find a few other fakes manufactured in the same manner as this supposedly ducat from Mircea the Old of Walachia. The sides were independently created through galvanoplasty and then forced together (with real craftsmanship). Usually, this method allows for a black, separating surface between the two sides to be noticed. In this case though the edge is perfect. It was't necessary to be filed on the edge in order to hide matching imperfections, making these forgeries more harmful.
The expertise for the Romanian medieval coins on Romanian coins was generously made by Mr. Bogdan Costin, specialist in medieval Romanian coinage.
We will still display the info this page had before the expertise.
This coin silver coin was issued by Mircea the Old (cel Bătrîn), the most glorious and important of all Walachian princes. He ruled Walachia between 1386 and 1418.
As a type this coin is known to Romanian numismatics as Walachian ducat, as complying to the system of Venetian ducats struck in 1202 by Venice. In which concerns its pattern (obverse - reverse), it belongs to the most common ducat type, type that occured to almost every coin issue of the Walachian princes, since Vlaicu I (1364 - 1377) to Basarab (the Old) Laiotă (1473 - 1477, with many interruptions).
The legends on the coinage of Mircea the Old were written both in Latin and Cyrillic (Slavic). This one uses Latin.
There are plenty of different variants in which concerns the legend, its respective fonts, the mint ensigns (usually both on the obverse and reverse, but different) and of course misspellings.
The Bible of Romanian numismatics, Monede și bancnote românești by George Buzdugan, Octavian Luchian and Constantin Oprescu (1976), is not aware of this variant. The coin we host resembles number 99 (for the legend) and number 102 (for the ensigns) the most, but we couldn't find an exact match. It's very likely that this coin was first claimed as unknown up to now by us and thus discovered by Romanian coins. It is not that hard to believe this statement since many medieval Romanian coins (issued by Moldavia and Walachia especially) are known in one or but few pieces and new types are discovered even today.
It is fit in the ending to point that, with one little exception of poor quality, this and the coin on the next page are the only two Walachian coins available on the entire net. Help from other collectors is more than needed. Do not hesitate to contact us.