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Demeter / Dioscuri - Kallatis
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Demeter / Dioscuri - coin from Callatis - reverse Demeter / Dioscuri - coin from Callatis - obverse
23 mm diameter, 6.64 grams, AE
Obverse: Demeter with veil and attire to the right, two wheat ears (symbol of Callatis), outer pearl circle
Reverse: Dioscuri astride, riding left with waving cloaks, two stars (in which their were turned after death) above their heads, legend: KAΛ ΛA TI ANΩN, outer pearl circle
goddess Demeter / Dioscuri - coin from Callatis
3 mm diameter, 6.88 grams, AE
Obverse: Demeter with veil and attire to the right, two wheat ears (symbol of Callatis), outer pearl circle
Reverse: Dioscuri astride, riding left with waving cloaks, without stars above their heads, legend: KAΛ ΛATIA NΩN, outer pearl circle

The first ancient coin pictures above are present on Romanian coins through the kind permission of Mr. Ion Şerban, collector of Pontic coins. This coin is worth three assaria. Several coins with similar dimensions and design bearing face value Γ = 3 exist. The coin corresponds to the description at number 207 in the Moushmov catalog and is described in AMNG I at position 281 (AMNG = Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands, B. Pick, 1898).

The second ancient coin on the page is present on Romanian coins through the kind permission of Mr. Pavlos S. Pavlou. The coin is described in AMNG I at position 284.

About the pseudo-autonomous issues

The name pseudo-autonomous is usually given to the coins that, in spite of being issued by a Greek city under the rule of a Roman emperor, do not depict the head of the emperor or of another member of the imperial family. The coin presented on this page falls in this category. It was possibly minted between 138 and 180 by an emperor of the Antoninian dynasty.

About the small dimple on the coin

Between the Dioscuri a small dimple can be seen (such dimples are not single among the provincial Roman coins available on our site, appearing on several). The signification of these dimples is not completely clear, the most common opinion being that they served a certain purpose during minting. So, they would be some sort of centering holes.


The History of Callatis and More The Ancient Pontic World
and Its Connection to Romanians (with Map)
About Kastor and Pollux
About Demeter


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