||5 assaria - Gordian III / Athena||
~28 mm diameter, ~11 grams, AE |
Reverse: goddess Atena standing, to the left, wearing Corinthian helmet, with patera (broad and shallow dish used for libations) in the right hand, propped in her lance with left hand; at her feet shield; at right face value E (Epsilon); legend KAΛΛAT I ANΩN, outer pearl circle
|Obverse: laureate Gordian III to the right, cuirassed and draped bust, legend AVTKMANTΓOPΔIANOCAVΓ, outer pearl circle|
The pictures of the ancient coin above are present on Romanian coins through the kind permission of Mr. GLV.
The coin corresponds to the description at number 318 in the Moushmov catalog and is described in AMNG I at position 340 (AMNG = Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands, B. Pick, 1898).
About the legend on the obverse
The legend accompanying the effigy of emperor Gordian III is AVT K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC AVΓ, standing for the Greek translation of latin IMP[ERATOR] C[AESAR] M[ARCUS] ANT[ONIUS] GORDIANUS AUG[USTUS]. The word imperator was translated by autocrator (autokrates in Greek meaning governing by one's self), IMP being replaced by AVT. Letter K following AVT is most probably short for Kaisar, Caesar.
About emperor Gordian III
Gordianus III - Marcus Antonius Gordianus (225 - 244) was emperor between 238 and 244.
The uprising in 238 against Maximinus Thrax brought Gordian I and his son Gordian II as emperors. The governor of Numidia, Capellianus, with Legion III Augusta, terminated the two Gordiani, Pupienus and Balbinus becoming emperors and being proclaimed Augusti, and Gordian III, grandson of Gordian I, becoming Caesar. In July 238 Gordianus III is proclaimed Augustus, as result of the assassination of the other two Augusti.
He got married to Furia Sabina Tranquillina, also herself appearing on Pontic coins.
In 244 Gordian III is killed by the praetor's prefect, Philip the Arabian, the later taking his place as emperor.
|The History of Callatis
|The Ancient Pontic World
and Its Connection to Romanians (with Map)