||Callatis - Heracles / Cybele - pseudo-autonomous issue||
20? mm diameter, 5-6 grams, AE |
Reverse: goddess Cybele wearing mural crown, sitting on a throne, to the left, with patera (broad and shallow dish used for libations) in the right hand and with scepter in the left hand, legend KA ΛΛA TIANΩ N, outer pearl circle
|Obverse: laureate Heracles, with beard, head to the left, inscription [KTIC] THC (Heracles was considered the founder of the city, ktistes), outer pearl circle|
The ancient coin pictures above are present on Romanian coins through the kind permission of Mr. GLV. The coin is a variant of the piece described at position 255 in the Moushmov catalog and corresponds to the description at position 293a in AMNG I (AMNG = Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands, B. Pick, 1898).
About the pseudo-autonomous issues
The name pseudo-autonomous is usually given to the coins that, in spite of being issued by a Greek city under the rule of a Roman emperor, do not depict the head of the emperor or of another member of the imperial family. The coin presented on this page falls in this category. It was possibly minted in the second half of 2nd century, or maybe at the beginning of the 3rd century AD.
|The History of Callatis and More||The Ancient Pontic World
and Its Connection to Romanians (with Map)