||3 assaria Callatis - Demeter / ship with sails - pseudo-autonomous issue||
22 mm diameter, 7.95 grams, AE |
Reverse: ship with tautened sails to the right, waves, rudder and steersman, at left denomination value Γ (Gamma = 3), legend KAΛΛA TI A N ΩN, outer pearl circle
|Obverse: Demeter with veil and attire, wearing wheat ear wreath (or maybe "stephane" crown), bust to the right, at left letter K, at right torch, outer pearl circle|
The ancient coin pictures above are present on Romanian coins through the kind permission of Mr. GLV. The coin is quite similar to the one described at number 246 in the Moushmov catalog. Another similar coin is described in AMNG I, at number 287, (AMNG = Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands, B. Pick, 1898).
About the pseudo-autonomous issues
The name pseudo-autonomous is usually given to the coins that, in spite of being issued by a Greek city under the rule of a Roman emperor, do not depict the head of the emperor or of another member of the imperial family. The coin presented on this page falls in this category. It was possibly minted in the second half of 2nd century, or maybe at the beginning of the 3rd century AD.
About the ship represented on the coin
On the coin a merchant ship with sails is represented. On the other two similar coins available on the internet today (2008) the ship is actually an actuaria, a merchant ship similar in shape with a trireme. An actuaria could be propelled by sails or by oarsmen. This kind of ship was used mainly for coastal trade, transporting goods like wheat or wine.
|The History of Callatis and More||The Ancient Pontic World
and Its Connection to Romanians (with Map)