Istros - Elagabalus / Apollo - 4 assaria
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Elagabalus / Apollo - 4 assaria
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bronze - Elagabalus / Apollo - 4 assaria - Istros bronze - Elagabalus / Apollo - 4 assaria - Istros
28 mm, 13.2 g, bronze
Obverse: laureate Elagabalus to the right, cuirassed and draped bust, legend AVKMAV· ANTΩN[INOC], outer pearl circle

Reverse: god Apollo standing, wearing long clothes, with left hand over a lyre placed over a pedestal, with a patera on the right hand, sacrificing over the flames atop an altar
inscription ICTPI H NΩN

The images of this coin are present on Romanian coins thanks to Mr Răzvan Dobrin. The coin belongs to the category of provincial Roman coins, sometimes called Greek imperial. The coin corresponds to the description at number 183 in the Moushmov catalog. The coin is very resembling with the one described at number 514 in AMNG I, but the legends differ (AMNG = Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands, B. Pick, 1898).


About the legend on the coin

The legend AV K M AV ANTΩNINOC is the Greek translation of the Latin IM[PERATOR] C[AESAR] M[ARCUS] AU[RELIUS] ANTONINUS.

About emperor Elagabalus

Elagabalus, also known as Heliogabalus, was named Varius Avitus Bassianus Elagabalus at birth. He was the son of Roman knight Sextus Varius Marcellus and of Julia Soaemias, being the nephew of Julia Maesa (sister of Julia Domna). On May 16th 218 he was proclaimed emperor at Emessa in Syria. Julia Maesa spread the rumor that Elagabalus was the natural son of Caracalla. So the name of the new emperor was changed to Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, the name of Caracalla, his pretended father. Elagabalus was priest of Sun god Baal of Emessa, El Gabal. As emperor he proclaimed the Sun as the supreme god of the empire, and he brought at Rome the black stone of the god of Emessa. In 221 he adopted his cousin Severus Alexander, who followed him to the throne. In March 222 Elagabalus was assasinated by the soldiers of the Praetorian Guard.


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