||Istros - Gordian III / Hygieia||
? mm diameter, ? grams, AE |
Reverse: Hygieia standing, to the right, feeding a snake from patera, in field 4 (Greek letter Δ, standing for face value 4 assaria), outer pearl circle, inscription ICTPI HNΩN, Istrienon
|Obverse: laureate Gordian III to the right, cuirassed and draped bust, legend AVTKMANT ΓOPΔIANOC, outer pearl circle|
The ancient coin pictures above are present on Romanian coins through the kind permission of Mr. GLV. The coin belongs to the category of provincial Roman coins, sometimes called Greek imperial. This coin is not described in Moushmov catalog or in AMNG I.
About the legend on the obverse
The legend accompanying the effigy of emperor Gordian III is AVT K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC, standing for the Greek translation of Latin IMP[ERATOR] C[AESAR] M[ARCUS] ANT[ONIUS] GORDIANUS. The word imperator was translated by autocrator (autokrates in Greek meaning governing by one's self), IMP being replaced by AVT. Letter K following AVT is most probably short for Kaisar, Caesar.
About emperor Gordian III
Gordianus III - Marcus Antonius Gordianus (225 - 244) was emperor between 238 and 244.
The uprising in 238 against Maximinus Thrax brought Gordian I and his son Gordian II as emperors. The governor of Numidia, Capellianus, with Legion III Augusta, terminated the two Gordiani, Pupienus and Balbinus becoming emperors and being proclaimed Augusti, and Gordian III, grandson of Gordian I, becoming Caesar. In July 238 Gordianus III is proclaimed Augustus, as result of the assassination of the other two Augusti.
He got married to Furia Sabina Tranquillina, also herself appearing on Pontic coins.
In 244 Gordian III was killed by the praetor's prefect, Philip the Arabian, the later taking his place as emperor.
|The History of Histria and More||The Ancient Pontic World
and Its Connection to Romanians (with Map)