||Inote演i - R綷oasa Dacian coin||
25-27 mm diameter, 6 grams, billon |
head of Zeus
|horse and horseman|
The coin was struck between 2nd and 1st century BC. It is a representive type, called Inote演i - R綷oasa. Coins of this type were found especially in the south of Moldavia.
These coins imitate the tetradrachmae of Philip II of Macedonia, that bore on one side the face of Zeus, wearing beard and wreath of laurel, and on the other a horseman and Greek legend FILIPPOU. Philip II reigned between 359 and 336 B.C., being the father of Alexander III the Great (Alexander Macedon).
Although only lacunarly matching the Macedonian original, still, the Dacian simplification shows a special creativity and a certain conception of the abstract spectacular in its nature.
Macedonian coins have been used on large scale in Illyria, Dacia, Thrace, as well as inside Asia Minor, being imitated not only by the Dacians, other peoples using the pattern as well.
Romanian historian Nicolae Iorga (History of Romanians, Ancestors before the Romans), wrote about the Dacian imitations of the Macedonian tetradrachmae: "...clumsy local technicians were giving scorched coins on which barely one can tell the countenance of Zeus and the horse...".
The originals of the Dacian imitated Macedonian pieces can be seen on Wildwinds, tetradrachmae of Philip II being found at Ancient Coinage of Macedonia, Kings, Philip II.
The Dacian silver drachma pictures above are present on Romanian coins through the kind permission of Mr. Adrian Popovici.