||Antoninus Pius / Tyche - Tomis||
20 mm diameter, 3.9 grams, AE |
Obverse: Antoninus Pius, laureate bearded head to the right, inscription AYT·KAI·AΔPI ANTΩNINΩC, outer pearl circle
|Reverse: goddess Tyche standing, to the left, wearing kalathos (hat), holding rudder in the right hand and horn of plenty in the left hand, inscription TOMITWN H MHTPOΠOΛIC, outer pearl circle|
The ancient coin pictures above are present on Romanian coins through the kind permission of Mr. Răzvan Dobrin. The coin belongs to the category of provincial Roman coins, sometimes called Greek imperial. The coin corresponds to the description at number 1824 in the Moushmov catalog and is described in AMNG I at position 2640 (variant) (AMNG = Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands, B. Pick, 1898).
About the legend on the obverse
The legend accompanying the head of emperor Antoninus Pius is AYT·KAI·AΔPI ANTΩNINΩC, standing for the Greek translation of Latin IMPERATOR CAESAR HADRIANUS ANTONINUS.
About emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161)
Antoninus was born in 86 AD, being son of Titus Aurelius Fulvus, a former consul. In 120 AD Antoninus was consul himself. He was adopted by emperor Hadrian in 138 AD. After the death of Antoninus the throne was occupied by his adoptive sons, Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. His rule was very peaceful - in all those years Antoninus never participated to any military campaign. The sobriquet Pius was granted to Antoninus by the Senate, shortly after he became emperor.