||3 assaria - Plautilla / Poseidon||
22 mm diameter, 7.3 grams, AE |
Obverse: Plautilla, bust to the right, legend [Φ]OVΛ ΠΛAVTIΛΛA CEB
|Reverse: Poseidon to the right, with the left foot on a rock and with chlamys on thigh, with trident in right hand and dolphin in left hand, face value Γ (Γ =3) into the field, legend [M]HTP ΠONT [T]OMEΩC|
The ancient coin pictures above are present on Romanian coins through the kind permission of Mr. Răzvan Dobrin. The coin belongs to the category of provincial Roman coins, sometimes called Greek imperial. The coin corresponds to the description at number 1992 in the Moushmov catalog and is described in AMNG I at position 2957 (AMNG = Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands, B. Pick, 1898).
About the legend on the obverse
The legend accompanying the portrait of empress Plautilla, ΦOVΛ ΠΛAVTIΛΛA CEB, is the Greek translation of the Latin FUL(via) PLAUTILLA AUG(usta).
About empress Plautilla
Publia Fulvia Plautilla married Caracalla (188 - 217), the eldest son of emperor Septimius Severus and empress Julia Domna, in 202 AD. She was daughter of Gaius Fulvius Plautianus, commander of the Praetorian Guard and friend of Septimius Severus. Exiled in 205 AD, Plautilla was killed in 212 AD.
Poseidon (Neptun at Romans) was the god of the seas and brother of Zeus. His wife was the nymph Amphitrite. Apollo and Poseidon were sent by Zeus to build the walls of Troy. The trident was the favorite weapon of Poseidon. When he struck the ground with his trident, Poseidon could create new springs, or could cause devastating earthquakes.