||Severus Alexander / Tyche with Pontos||
25-26 mm diameter, 9.6 grams, AE |
Reverse: goddess Tyche standing, wearing mural crown, looking left, holding long scepter in the right hand and cornucopia in the left; at right, face value 4 = D (Δ), below god Pontos;
legend MHTPO ΠON_T TOMEΩC
|Obverse: laureate Severus Alexander to the right, draped bust, legend AVT KM AVP CEVH ALEΞANΔPΩC|
The coin corresponds to the description at number 2150 in the Moushmov catalog.
About emperor Severus Alexander
Severus Alexander was son of Cassius Marcianus and of Julia Mammaea, being nephew of Julia Domna. At birth he was named Marcus Julius Gessius Alexianus Bassianus. In 221 AD he was adopted by his cousin, emperor Elagabalus. He was proclaimed Caesar, his name being changed to Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander. Severus Alexander became emperor in 222 AD, following the death of Elagabalus. Until year 226 the empire was governed by his grandmother Julia Maesa, and after 226, by his mother, Julia Mammaea. In 234 AD Severus Alexander was assasinated together with his mother and the throne was occupied by Maximinus Thrax.
About the legend on the coin's obverse
The legend accompanying the portrait of Severus Alexander, AVT KM AVP CEVH ALEΞANΔPΩC, is the Greek translation of the Latin IMP[ERATOR] C[AESAR] M[ARCUS] AUR[ELIUS] SEVE[RUS] ALEXANDER. The word imperator was translated by autocrator (autokrates in Greek meaning governing by one's self), IMP being replaced by AVT. Letter K following AVT is a short for Kaisar, Caesar.
|The History of Tomis
|The Ancient Pontic World
and Its Connection to Romanians (with Map)