||gros type I a - Stephen the Great||
14 mm diameter, 0.48 g, silver |
Obverse Moldavian coat of arms: urus head bearing a five ray star between its horns, the uneven ray pointing down, waning crescent at left and five petal rose at right, the odd petal pointing down (heraldic positioning)
Legend: +MONETA MOLDAVIE
|Reverse Coat of arms of the Muşatin
family(?) inside a pearl circle: shield split vertically; Maltese cross and five petal rose (bilobated petaled) at right and three bars at left (heraldic positioning)
Partially visible outer pearl circle
Legend: +STEFANUS VOIEVODA
This beautiful Moldavian medieval coin belongs to the collection of Mr. Bogdan Costin, through the kind permission of whom the pictures are present on Romanian coins. The same coin is featured on Monedele Moldovei şi Valahiei - Coins of Moldavia and Walachia.
The coin was struck by Stephen the Great and the Holy, ruler of Moldavia between 1457 and 1504, the most important political and military Romanian leader of all times.
The piece that provided the pictures above is a celebrity itself, being most probably the best preserved and the most beautiful remaining. Its image was used in famous monographs as Monede şi bancnote româneşti by George Buzdugan, Octavian Luchian şi Constantin C. Oprescu (on the outer cover, see below). It belonged to the collection of engineer Octavian Luchian, which was one of the authors. The image of the very same coin also appears in the second volume of the monograph Istoria românilor by Constantin C. Giurescu şi Dinu C. Giurescu.