A great act in Romanian  history            

                the democratic Union of Basarabia

Voting of the Union in the Basarabian Parliament - 1918

Sfatul Țării (i.e. Council of the Land) was the legislative and executive organ of the Democratic Moldavian Republic proclaimed on the ashes of an agonizing Russian empire. Its session opened on the 21st of November / 3rd of December 1917; at the opening ceremony a national flag was hallowed with holy water and the national anthem, "Deșteaptă-te, române" was sung. The history of this old Transylvania born song as national anthem started then at Chișinău. The title means Wake up, Romanian and this song is since 1990 the national anthem of Romania. When the Republic of Moldavia proclaimed itself independent in 1991, it regained most of its Romanian national values lost for about fifty years during the Soviet rule: national colors for the flag (red, yellow and blue), the national currency (leu and bani), the Romanian tongue, the national literature and for a while even the national anthem "Wake up, Romanian", for a second time. The later was replaced as result of Russian pressures that assert an ethnic difference between the Moldavians in Basarabia and their brothers in Transylvania, Walachia and western Moldavia and enforce this idea through Russified and Russia oriented communist political leaders.

The vote was taken only after lively debates. The minority representatives generally pretended a secret ballot and afterwards voted against or abstained. Moldavian deputy Ion Buzdugan asked for an open vote so that the people and history know the true opinion of the Parliament:

"May our people, our country and the entire world know that we, Romanian Basarabians, that suffered an entire century under the Russian czarist yoke, want the union with the brothers beyond Prut, that we wish to be and remain forever with all the Romanians."

A special position from the minorities in the Parliament was the one of the Pole Felix Dudchievicz, a position more than worth being recalled:

"I regret much that in this solemn day for the Moldavian population, I must speak Russian, which is the symbol of oppression for the Moldavian people as it is for the Polish one: I do not know the Moldavian language, and the Moldavians would not understand Polish.

In this majestic day, I wormly salute the unhappy and in the same time happy, fraternized Moldavian people, that finally is able to join the blood related Romanian people.

On the behalf of the Polish people I support entirely the Union of Basarabia with Romania, as this is desired by the Moldavians, native inhabitants of this country."

The essence of the decision is found concentrated in the beginning of the resolution subjected on March 27th / April 9th to the vote of the Basarabian Parliament:

"On the behalf of the people of Basarabia, the Council of the Land declares:

The Democratic Moldavian Republic (Basarabia), in its boundaries between Prut, Nistru, the Black Sea and the old boundaries with Austria, ripped by Russia a hundred years and even more ago from the body of the old Moldavia, in the reason of historical right and right of strain, on the basis of the principle that peoples alone shall decide their fate, from today on and forever joins its mother Romania."

The result of the vote was conclusive: 86 for, 3 against, 36 abstained, 13 were absent. As the result was being read, the deputies cried "Long live the Union with Romania!", carried away with enthusiasm in rapturous applauses. Let us remember the names of those deputies present there who accomplished the great act of historical justice.


1. Nicolae Alexandri
2. Elena Alistar
3. Ion Buzdugan
4. Ilarion Buiuc
5. Constantin Bivol
6. Ignație Budișteanu
7. Teodor Bîrcă
8. Nicolae Bosie-Codreanu
9. Ștefan Botnarciuc
10. Gheorghe Buruiană
11. Teodosie Bîrcă
12. Vladimir Bogos
13. Vladimir Budescu
14. Alexandru Baltag
15. Ion Valuță
16. Nicolae Grosu
17. Vasile Gafencu
18. Simeon Galițchi
19. Vasile Ghențul
20. Andrei Găină
21. Alexandru Groapă
22. Dimitrie Dragomir

23. Felix Dudchievicz
24. Dimitrie Dron
25. Boris Epure
26. Pantelimon Erhan
27. Vitalie Zubac
28. Ion Ignatiuc
29. Ion Inculeț
30. Teofil Ioncu
31. Anton Crihan
32. Ion Creangă
33. Afanasie Chiriac
34. Dimitrie Cărăuș
35. Ion Corduneanu
36. Grigorie Cazacliu
37. Anton Caraiman
38. Pavel Cocarlă
39. Ion Costin
40. Vladimir Ciorescu
41. Grigorie Cazacliu
42. Vladimir Cazacliu
43. Vasile Lascu


44. Nicolae Mămăligă
45. Mihail Minciună
46. Anatolie Moraru
47. Alexandru Moraru
48. Dimitrie Marța
49. Gheorghe Mare
50. Mihail Maculețchi
51. Dimitrie Marghitan
52. Teodor Neaga
53. Gheorghe Năstas
54. Constantin Oșoian
55. Gherman Pîntea
56. Vasile Mândrescu
57. Ion Pelivan
58. Efimie Palii
59. Ion Pascăluță
60. Petru Picior-Mare
61. Elefterie Siniclie
62. Nicolae Suruceanu
63. Timofte Silitari
64. Chiril Sberea


65. Nicolae Sacară
66. Andrei Scobioală
67. Chiril Spinei
68. Gheorghe Stavro
69. Teodor Suruceanu
70. Gheorghe Tudor
71. Ion Tudose
72. Grigore Turcuman
73. Teodor Uncu
74. Pantelimon Halipa
75. Teodor Herța
76. Leonida Țurcan
77. Vasile Țanțu
78. Nicolae Cernăuțeanu
79. Nicolae Ciornei
80. Vasile Cijevschi
81. Vasile Cerescu
82. Nicolae Cernof
83. Nicolae Soltuz
84. Constantin Stere
85. Zamfir Munteanu
86. Iacov Sucevan

Against the Union were:

Ștefan Balmez (Bulgarian)Arcadie Osmolovski (Ukrainian)and Mihail Starenski (Ukrainian).

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