||ducat - Vladislav II||
14 mm diameter, 0.45 g, silver |
Obverse Walachian coat of arms - mountain eagle
(or vulture) perched on a helmet with panache at left and right (poor engraving)
Inside and along the outer pearl circle
Legend: +IO VLADI__SLA VOIVOD (Cyrillic letters)
|Reverse Coat of arms (?) of the voivod (member of Basarab family) inside an inner linear circle: a shield split vertically; inside the first field a waxing half moon (i.e. a properly called crescent) and a six ray star below it, inside the second field apparently two horizontal bars though almost certain there are three; between an outer, hardly visible, pearl circle and an inner linear circle
Legend: +IO VLADISLA VOIVOD GNI (with Cyrillic letters)
The first medieval coin appears on this page through the kind permission of Mr. Vladimir Khomutov from Moscow.
The second Walachian medieval coin on this page belongs to the collection of Mr. Bogdan Costin, through the kind permission of whom the pictures are present on Romanian coins.
According to Monede și bancnote românești by George Buzdugan, Octavian Luchian and Constantin Oprescu, this old numismatic piece complies to the common Walachian ducat type.
The coin was struck by Vladislav II (1447 - 1456), son of Dan II (1420 - 1431, with interruptions) and brother of the future prince Basarab the Old Laiotă. He is then nephew of the greatest Walachian prince, Mircea the Old.
Vladislav II asserted and took the throne of Walachia with the help of Iancu of Hunedoara, the Romanian governor of Hungary. As ally of him, Vladislav participated at the anti-Ottoman campaign in 1448, ended in defeat for the Christendom at Kosovopolje (Blackbird Field) in Serbia, that is for the second time. The estimations say that this battle had about 3.000 Moldavian horsemen and about 4.000 Walachian bowmen involved. While the prince was away, Vlad Dracula the Impaler grasped the throne for the whole month of October, with Turkish support.
Vladislav II is forced to recognize the suzerainty of the Porte (i.e. the High Gate) and engaged himself to pay tribute. A monetary reform attempt strained relations with Hungary so that in October 1452 Iancu of Hunedoara writes to the councilors of Brașov (Transylvania) not to accept the new coins of Vladislav. The relations warmed again until 1454 when Iancu seizes Amlaș and Făgăraș, Walachian possessions from over the mountains, inside Transylvania. This prompted the voivod to complain to the councilors of Brașov that:
"[Although] I, my boyars, and my country have spilt our blood for the Holy Crown, for Hungary, and for the Christianity, no matter how much we have sworn, our father, John voivod [i.e. Iancu of Hunedoara], does not care, and he was not pleased with my work, because it is not enough for him to be the Governor of Hungary, but he also had to take from me my estates and my territories of Făgăraș and Amlaș, and he acted badly towards me; and you can see that he broke the oaths and promises he made to me. Let God avenge on the one not guarding the faith. And myself, despite my dire strait, will not leave what is mine unless my head withal."
Subsequenly the prince raided Transylvania along the Turks, with little succes.
He was overthroned by Vlad Țepeș (Vlad III, Dracula, the Impaler) that came in 1456 with support from Iancu of Hunedoara. Vladislav died during during the war, at Tîrșor as the chronicle says. It seems like the future Vlad the Impaler cought and beheaded him.