|100 lei 2005
Burebista - king of Dacians
37 mm diameter, 31.1 g, 92.5% silver, flat edge
year 2005, circular inscription REPUBLICA MOLDOVA meaning "REPUBLIC OF MOLDAVIA" and the coat of arms of the Republic of Moldavia, in exergue denomination "100 LEI"
|an image of the Dacian king, a scene from the Dacian-Roman wars, with a fortress in the background, inscription "BUREBISTA REGELE DACILOR" meaning "KING OF THE DACIANS"
About Burebista, king of Dacians
In the 1st century BC Burebista unified the Dacian tribes, establishing a large kingdom, that stretched to the west over to nowadays Slovakia, to the south over to the Balkan Mountains, to the north over to the Outer Eastern Carpathians and to the east over to the Black Sea. The rule of Burebista began around 82 BC. In 60 BC he waged war against several Celtic tribes as boii and taurisci, completely destroying them. In 50 BC Burebista conquered the Greek cities on the western shores of Black Sea. He tried to intervene on the side of Pompey in the civil war with Caesar. The great king Burebista was assasinated in the same year as Caesar, 44 BC, and the territory of the Dacian state was shared between several small kingdoms.
In book VII chapter III of his Geography Strabo informed us that "[...] Boerebistas, one of the Getae, having taken the command of his tribe, reanimated the men who were disheartened by frequent wars, and raised them to such a degree of training, sobriety, and a habit of obedience to orders, that he established a powerful dominion within a few years, and brought most of the neighbouring states into subjection to the Getae. He at length became formidable even to the Romans [...]. However, Boerebistas was murdered in a sedition before the Romans sent an army against him. Those who succeeded to his government divided it into several states. Lately, when Augustus Caesar sent an army against them, they were divided into five states, at another time they were four, for such divisions are but temporary in duration, and variable in their extent.".
In an inscription dedicated in year 48 BC by the inhabitants of Dyonisopolis - nowadays Balcic or Balchik - to their fellow citizen Acornion, that was ambassador of the Dacian king, Burebista is characterized as "the first and the greatest of the kings of Thracia, and ruler of all lands from this side and from the other side of the river [Danube!]”.