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Solacoglu Beer Tokens
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22.6 mm, brass
between inner and outer pearl circle inscription CONST. G SOLACOGLU ★ BUCURESCI ★ (BUCURESCI is an old orthographic form for BUCHAREST), in center monogram CS
outer pearl circle, inscription 10 • ★ BANI ★ •
22.6 mm, white metal
between inner and outer pearl circle inscription CONST. G SOLACOGLU ★ BUCURESCI ★ (BUCURESCI is an old orthographic form for BUCHAREST), in center monogram CS
outer pearl circle, inscription 10 • ★ BANI ★ •
20.7 mm, brass
between inner and outer pearl circle inscription CONST. G SOLACOGLU ★ BUCURESCI ★ (BUCURESCI is an old orthographic form for BUCHAREST), in center monogram CS
outer pearl circle, inscription 50 ★ BANI ★
21 mm, brass
between inner and outer pearl circle inscription CONST. G SOLACOGLU ★ BUCURESCI ★ (BUCURESCI is an old orthographic form for BUCHAREST), in center monogram CS
outer pearl circle, inscription ȚAP (meaning billy-goat, Romanian for 0.33 liter draft), above and below the inscription stars with 6 and 4 rays
23 mm, brass
between inner and outer pearl circle inscription CONST. G SOLACOGLU ★ BUCURESCI ★ (BUCURESCI is an old orthographic form for BUCHAREST), in center monogram CS
outer pearl circle, inscription HALBA (meaning a half-liter capacity mug or tankard), above and below the inscription stars with 6 and 4 rays

The 10 BANI token (white metal) is present on this site through the kind permission of Mr. Andrean Dimitrov Avramov, from Bulgaria.

The two beer tokens above are present on this site through the kind permission of Mr. Oportov Costel.

As it can be seen from the pictures, Constantin G. Solacoglu's business was in Bucharest.

About Constantin G. Solacoglu

The name Solacoglu comes from the Turkish language, where "solak" means "left-handed" and "oglu", spelled "oğlu" (and roughly read "olu"), means son. In Romanian would come "son of the left-handed" or Stîngaciu.

The issuer of these tokens, Constantin G. Solacoglu, was part of the Solacoglu or Solacolu family, which came from south of the Danube (as the name indicates) at the beginning of the 19th century. Around the year 1900, Bucharest had several people named Solacoglu, Solacolu or Solacolo, very probably related.

Some information about Constantin G. Solacoglu can be found scattered in the press of the time.

From the Official Gazette (Monitorul Oficial) of September 6, 1884 [1] we learn that the company "Stefan Solacoglu Brothers" was enlisted in the "registry of social companies", and that it had a "pasta" shop on Calea Moșilor no. 122. Also in this issue of the Monitor a Constantin Solacoglu appears, second lieutenant of cavalry, summoned for the maneuvers in October 5-20. Two Solacoglu men, Constantin and Ștefan, were graduates of the Superior Commercial School no. 1 from Bucharest in 1889 [2].

The "Anuarul Bucurescilor" (Yearbook of Bucharest) from 1890 [3] lists C. Solacolu, a pasta maker, and Ilie Solacoglu, an engineer, both residing at 51 Carol street. As the two lived at the same address, C. must necessarily be Constantin, the brother of Ilie. The yearbook of 1904 [4] gives Const. G. Solacoglu with the residence on Mihai Bravu Road no. 1. The yearbook from 1906 [5] has "Solacolu C", with a brewery on Mihai Bravu 1. A "Solacoglu Gh. C" is presented as a baker, with the business on Colentina Road no. 2. An Ilie Solacolu appears as an engineer, and an Ilie Solacoglu as well as an engineer in the mines service.

In a book by Frederic Damé [6] C.G. Solacolu is mentioned as a local councilor in Bucharest, having been elected in 1901. In January 1902 C.G. Solacoglu requested an approval to open a factory to produce vinegar essence in a building in Cîmpul Moșilor no. 9 [7]. Since it was an issue depending on the "unsanitary industries regulation", it was under the competence of the Capital's Hygiene Council. In 1904 he returned with a request to open a bakery in Colentina Road no. 2 [8]. In 1911 he wanted to open a bagel factory in Mihai Bravu Street no. 1, requesting the release of the operating authorization [9].

Also in 1902 C.G. Solacoglu appeared as proprietor and voter of college 1 in Circumscripția IV (4th Electoral District of Bucharest), for the Senate and the Assembly [10]. In the Official Gazette of November 7, 1909 [11], 100 bags of approximately 50 kg each of different seeds were put up for public auction, so that Const. G. Solacoglu and Elie Solacoglu be compensated from the money collected during the sale.

In the Official Gazette of November 12, 1910 [12], the heirs of the deceased Gheorghe Ștefan Solacoglu appeared: Const. G. Solacoglu together with Ilie, Florica and Alexandrina Solacoglu (most likely, all being Gheorghe's children).

In the Official Gazette of January 20, 1911 [13] the property of C.G. Solacoglu from Cîmpul Moșilor street no. 9, estimated at 6000 lei, is put up for auction. In 1899, he had borrowed 15,000 lei from Creditul Funciar Urban (Urban Land Credit) company in Bucharest. Probably, Solacoglu had not returned the money on time, since as early as 1906 the Land Credit had requested the sale of his property at a public auction.

In "Monitorul Comunal" (Communal Gazette) of March 27, 1911 [14] C.G. and Elie Solacoglu, domiciled in Mihai Bravu Road no. 1, suburb of Oboru Nou, color black (the city of Bucharest was divided into "colors" at that time), appear in a list of "delegates of the capital".

Const. G. Solacoglu was elected member of the Bucharest Chamber of Commerce, as announced by the "Adevérul" newspaper in 1914 [15].

An Ilie Gh. Solacolu, born in Bucharest in 1860, was a graduate of the National School of Mines in Paris, which he had finished in 1890 [16]. It is clearly the same person as Elie Solacoglu, engineer. In a book from 1910, inspector Ilie Solacolu from the Ministry of Commerce and Industry appeared as domiciled at Hotel Solacoglu. Having the same initial of the father, Ilie / Elie must be Constantin's brother. Moreover, the two were often mentioned together in documents. A Constantin and Ilie Solacoglu house was built in 1907 in Piața Moșilor, the architect being Paul Smărăndescu (1881-1945).

Apart from several old buildings, the family's name was also featured in the Solacoglu Passage, which connected the Colentina Road with Cîmpul Moșilor [17].

Constantin Bacalbașa, the author of the wonderful book "Bucureștii de altădată" (Bucharests of Yore), telling about the electoral visits he made on the occasion of the 1912 elections, mentioned the existence of a Solacolu Hotel, where one could also eat: "At half past 1 o'clock [...] I had dinner at Hotel Solacolu with a pot of lamb sweetbreads in which the cook had put all the chili pepper from Obor" [18].

According to [19], Constantin Solacoglu was a manufacturer of pasta, the factory being located on Calea Moșilor no. 144. From [20] we learn that from 1903 on the factory at this address was called "Brothers A. St. Solacoglu". These were Constantin A. St. Solacoglu and Ștefan A. St. Solacoglu, grandsons of Christea (Hristu). Christea was the brother of Gheorghe, the father of Constantin Gh. Solacoglu. That is, the factory belonged to the nephews of the token issuer. The existence of this factory with this name is confirmed by [4] and [5]. The name Hristu can suggest that his family was of Aromanian origin.

From the information presented hereinbefore, the idea emerges that the issuer of the tokens displayed on this page had a lot of businesses in Bucharest. Considering the ȚAP and HALBĂ tokens, which fit very well to a brewery and much less so to a pasta factory, one can accept that the mention of the year 1906 [5] is correct. Constantin Gh. Solacoglu's brewery was on Mihai Bravu Road no. 1, in a building where he lived for a while. The issuance and use of Solacoglu tokens must be placed at the beginning of the 20th century. However the hypothesis according to which the tokens were used at the restaurant of the Solacolu hotel, where Bacalbașa wrote it was possible to eat, cannot be completely excluded either.

References

1. * * *, Monitorul Oficial al României. nr. 123, joi 6 (18) septembrie 1884.

2. * * *, Monografia Școalei Comerciale Superioare No. 1 de Băeți București. 70 de ani de la înființare (1864-1934), București, Tipografia Astoria, 1935.

3. * * * , Anuarul Bucurescilor pe anul 1890-91. Tipografia Carol Göbl, Bucuresci, 1890.

4. * * * , Anuarul Bucurescilor 1904. Carol Göbl, Bucuresci.

5. * * * , Anuarul Bucurescilor pe anul 1906. Institutul de Arte Grafice Carol Göbl, București, 1906.

6. Damé Frédéric, Bucharest en 1906. Socec & C-IE, 1907.

7. * * *, Monitorul Comunal al Primariei Bucuresci. anul XVI, no. 43, dumineca 27 ianuarie 1902.

8. * * *, Monitorul Comunei Bucuresti. anul XXIX, no. 9, dumineca 29 februarie 1904.

9. * * *, Monitorul Comunal. Organ oficial al Primăriei orașului București. anul XXV, no. 21, dumineca 22 maiu 1911.

10. * * *, Monitorul Comunal al Primariei Bucuresci. anul XVI, no. 47, dumineca 24 februarie 1902.

11. * * *, Monitorul Oficial. nr. 178, sîmbătă 7 (20) noiembrie 1909.

12. * * *, Monitorul Oficial. nr. 178, vineri 12 (25) noiembrie 1910.

13. * * *, Monitorul Oficial. nr. 233, joi 20 ianuarie (2 februarie) 1911.

14. * * *, Monitorul Comunal. Organ oficial al Primăriei orașului București. anul XXV, no. 13, duminecă 27 martie 1911.

15. * * *, Adevìrul. an XXVII, nr. 8898, marți 24 iunie 1914.

16. Leonăchescu N., Școala Națională Superioară de Mine din Paris. NOEMA, vol. XI, 2012.

17. * * *, București. Ghid oficial cu 20 hărți pentru orientare. Fundația pentru Literatură și Art㠄Regele Carol II”, Imprimeria Fundației Culturale Regale, București, 1934.

18. Bacalbașa C., Bucureștii de alta data. Vol. IV, Editura ziarului „Universul”, București, 1932.

19. Schäffer E., România. Jetoane, semne valorice și mărci. Guttenbrun [old German name of Zăbrani village in Arad county], 2012.

20. Rizzini D., Hanul Solacolu. Recuperare la memoria alterata di Bucarest. thesis for master degree in architecture, Politehnica din Milano, 2017.


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