|Walachian denarius - Vladislav I
rough diameter ~17 mm, 0.6 g, silver
Reverse Coat of arms of the Basarab
family(?) inside an inner pearl circle: a shield split vertically; (apparently only) three bars inside field one, nothing inside field two; a globule in the middle; outer pearl circle
Latin legend: +MLADIZLAIWAIWODE
Obverse Walachian coat of arms - mountain eagle perched on a helmet
Between the inner linear circle and the outer pearl circle
Latin legend: +TRANSA ___ LPINI::
This medieval coin belongs to the collection of Mr. Bogdan Costin, through the kind permission of whom the pictures are present on Romanian coins.
This silver coin was issued by Vladislav (Vlaicu) I of Walachia, the first Romanian prince known to have struck coin.
As a type this coin is known to Romanian numismatics as Walachian denarius, as complying to the system of Hungarian denarii. In which concerns its pattern (obverse - reverse), it belongs to the most common denarius and ducat type, type that occured to almost every coin issue of the Walachian princes, since Vlaicu I (1364 - 1377) to Basarab (the Old) Laiotă (1473 - 1477, with many interruptions).
The legends on the coinage of Vlaicu I were written both in Latin and Cyrillic (Slavic). This one uses Latin.
There are plenty of other variants in which concerns the legend, its respective fonts and of course misspellings.
According to the Bible of Romanian numismatics, Monede și bancnote românești by George Buzdugan, Octavian Luchian and Constantin Oprescu (1977), this denarius is classified as belonging to the common type of the Walachian denarii and ducats.
If you are in possession of Romanian medieval coinage other or better than the one featured by our site we ask you to please aid us with pictures. Help from other collectors to complete this numismatic icon is more than needed. Do not hesitate to contact us.