||100 roubles 2002
Czarist coat of arms of Tiraspol
|32 mm diameter, 14.14 g, silver 92.5%, flat edge
denomination "100 RUBLEI" (Cyrillic), coat of arms of the self proclaimed republic of Transnistria (bearing hammer and sickle), inscription · PRIDNESTROVSKII RESPUBLIKANSKII BANK · (Cyrillic) meaning "[TRANS] NISTRIAN REPUBLICAN BANK", year 2002
Mintage: 500 coins
|coat of arms of the city of Tiraspol during the times of Czarist Empire, inscription TIRASPOL (with Cyrillic letters), three ornaments and a ribbon with year 1792, the very year when the city was founded
Mintage: 500 coins
About the Coat of arms of Tiraspol and about the Foundation of the City
The coat of arms of Tiraspol was proposed in 1846, being adopted on the 7th of November 1847. The description of the coat of arms is the following: in a black field a bend of fortress wall in red, with crenels atop, with a silver acorn above and below; in the upper part of the escutcheon the coat of arms of the gubernia of Kherson: black bicephalous eagle, crowned with three crowns, with laurel branch in right talon and with flame in the left talon, with blue shield with white cross on the chest (information from paper "Heraldica teritorială moldovenească în imperiul rus" - Moldavian Territorial Heraldry in the Russian Empire, by Silviu Andrieș-Tabac, published in volume Cercetări numismatice VII - Researches in Numismatics, Bucharest, 1996).
The town of Tiraspol was settled in the very year of the frontier movement on Nistru - 1792 - over an old village named Sucleia Veche and inhabited by Moldavian fishermen, next to the fortress of Tighina, fortified by the Turks and an important center of military pressure since the first half of the 16th century when Moldavia lost it in the times of prince Petru Rareș. Initially there was nothing more than a wooden fort bearing the name of Sredneaia - Midway - but shortly after it received the name of Tiraspol by the ukase of czarine Catherine II. As they advanced west and south, the Russians stumbled upon the vestiges of ancient Greek civilization, that cast in turn a special fascination over the new masters. So justifies the name of Tiraspol for an entirely new settlement after the ancient Greek name of river Nistru and of the town of Cetatea Albă (Tyras) at the mouth of the river at the Black Sea. Similarly has Odessa received its name (founded in 1794, over the settlement of Hajji-bey), from the ancient Greek city of Odessus (today Varna in Bulgaria), Ovidiopol (founded in 1792, over the settlement of Khaji-dereh), after the Roman poet exiled at Tomis. Other toponyms created in the same period were Kherson (1788), Eupatoria, Leukopol, Sevastopol, Simferopol, Phanagoria, Theodosia (old Genoese city of Caffa), Olbiopol (1781) from the city of Olbia at the mouth of river Bug.
The city of Tiraspol was part of the New Russia gubernia (Novorosia - 1795), than of Nikolaev gubernia (1802) and Kherson (1806).
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For further information confront the Modern and contemporary history section inside the Brief and Comprehensive History of Romanians and Romania page.
Why Transnistrian Coins on Romanian Coins?
Because Transnistrian coins are held in their pockets and used as such by Romanian speaking Romanians on their native land.