||100 rubles 2006
32 mm diameter, 14.14 g, silver 92.5%, flat edge |
Obverse: denomination "100 RUBLEI" (Cyrillic), coat of arms of the self proclaimed republic of Transnistria (bearing hammer and sickle), inscription "PRIDNESTROVSKII RESPUBLIKANSKII BANK" (in Cyrillic and Russian) meaning "[TRANS] NISTRIAN REPUBLICAN BANK", year 2006, below the silver fineness - 925
|Reverse: image of Tighina fortress, in front River Nistru, a socket with a gem with year 1538 - when the fortress was conquered from Moldavia by Suleiman the Magnificent, a ribbon with inscription BENDERSKAIA KREPOSTI (Cyrillic) meaning FORTRESS OF TIGHINA, below the inscription DREVNIE KREPOSTI NA DNESTRE (Cyrillic, Russian) meaning OLD FORTRESSES ON NISTRU|
Mintage: 500 coins
The image of the fortress depicted on the coin is based on painting "View of Tighina Fortress" painted in 1790 by Russian painter Mihail Matveevici Ivanov (1748 - 1823).
This coin belongs to the "Old Fortresses on River Nistru" series, that comprises several 100 rubles silver coin, with Tiraspol Fortress (2006), Tighina Fortress (Bender, 2006), Kamenets-Podolsk Fortress (2007), Soroca Fortress (2007) and Cetatea Albă (White Fortress, 2008).
About the first mentioning of Tighina in year 1408
Although it surely is a much older settlement, Tighina was mentioned for the first time in 1408, in the charter granted by the Moldavian voivod Alexander the Good to the merchants of Lviv (Romanian name: Liov; Polish name: Lwow; Russian name: Lvov; German name: Lemberg). This commercial treaty settled the crossing customs that the merchants of Liov should have been paying at Cernăuți and the taxes at the destination cities. They also had to pay customs when leaving Moldavia. For the merchants shipping goods to Tatarians, the customs had to be paid at Cetatea Albă or at Tighina. In 1456 the customs were moved from Tighina to Lăpușna. (Alexandru Boldur, Istoria Basarabiei - History of Basarabia, first edition printed in 1937 at Chișinău)
Acordingly to the Romanian philologist Ștefan Ciobanu, who analyzed the etymology of word Tighina, the word is of Tatar or Cuman (Kipchak) origin. In Turkish and in Tatarian "teghine" means bucket, tub or kier. The city is surrounded by hills, so the sense of the name is fearly fit.
In 1538 the Turks dismissed the Moldavian voivod Petru Rareș from the rulership of the country. After this military expedition, the city of Tighina on river Nistru is taken by the Porte, being transformed into a raya. If a Moldavian fortification previously existed at Tighina (most probably), it was a less important one, made of wood and earth, maybe with a ditch (dry moat) and earthen walls. No records of at least one pîrcalab of Tighina were found. The name of the place was change by the Turks to Bender, that meaning "harbor" or maybe "gate". The Turks built there, on the right bank of river Nistru, a strong stone castle. After the Treaty of Bucharest in 1812, Russia seized from Moldavia all the territory between rivers Prut and Nistru. In the same year the Russians occupied the Turkish rayas Hotin at north, Bender, Akkerman, Chilia, Căușeni, Reni and Ismail at south (in Basarabia). All these territories rightfully belonged de jure to Moldavia and were inhabited by many Romanians, their turning into raias being against old Moldavian-Turkish capitulations. All raias in the Romanian principalities were Turkish possessions only de facto and thus result of abuse. At 1918 the Moldavian lands between Prut and Nistru Rivers returned to the motherland, and Tighina became a county residence. After 1944 Tighina was a part of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic . After the war at Nistru in 1991, Tighina was occupied by the Russian oriented Transnistrian separatists, situation perpetuated until today (2010).
This is a coin issued by Transnistria. Knowing one might rightfully be wondering what is Transnistria about, we tried to depict on the site the issue as best as we could. Click the links below to clarify yourself.
For further information confront the Modern and contemporary history section inside the Brief and Comprehensive History of Romanians and Romania page.
Why Transnistrian Coins on Romanian Coins?
Because Transnistrian coins are held in their pockets and used as such by Romanian speaking Romanians on their native land.