||100 rubles 2006
32 mm diameter, 14.14 g, silver 92.5%, flat edge |
Obverse: denomination "100 RUBLEI" (Cyrillic), coat of arms of the self proclaimed republic of Transnistria (bearing hammer and sickle), inscription "PRIDNESTROVSKII RESPUBLIKANSKII BANK" (in Cyrillic and Russian) meaning "[TRANS] NISTRIAN REPUBLICAN BANK", year 2006, below the silver fineness - 925
|Reverse: image of Tiraspol fortress, in front River Nistru, in background some hills, a socket with a gem with year 1793 - when the fortress was founded, a ribbon with inscription TIRASPOLISKAIA KREPOSTI (Cyrillic) meaning FORTRESS OF TIRASPOL, below the inscription DREVNIE KREPOSTI NA DNESTRE (Cyrillic, Russian) meaning OLD FORTRESSES ON NISTRU|
Mintage: 500 coins
This coin belongs to the "Old Fortresses on River Nistru" series, that comprises several 100 rubles silver coin, with Tiraspol Fortress (2006), Tighina Fortress (Bender, 2006), Kamenets-Podolsk Fortress (2007), Soroca Fortress (2007) and Cetatea Albă (White Fortress, 2008).
In 2002 the Transnistrians issued another silver 100 roubles coin featuring the Tiraspol fortress. On the coin appears the year 1792, when the city was founded, so the coin celebrates 210 years from the establishing of the city of Tiraspol, under marshall Suvorov, also represented on the coin in a medallion.
The silver coin pictures above are present on Romanian coins through the kind permission of Mr. Aureliu Ciobanu, collector and dealer of coins and stamps.
About the establishing of Tiraspol
The Russian Empire did not reach the river Nistru until 1792, the year in which the entire Transnistria entered under Russian administration. The territorial extention to the line of Nistru was achieved under the command of marshal Suvorov that succeded in pushing back the Ottoman Empire yet farther.
The town of Tiraspol was settled in the very year of the frontier movement on River Nistru - 1792 - over an old village named Sucleia Veche and inhabited by Moldavian fishermen, next to the fortress of Tighina, fortified by the Turks and an important center of military pressure since the first half of the 16th century when Moldavia lost it in the times of prince Petru Rareș. Initially there was nothing more than a wooden fort bearing the name of Sredneaia - Midway - but shortly after it received the name of Tiraspol by the ukase of czarine Catherine II.
As they advanced west and south, the Russians stumbled upon the vestiges of ancient Greek civilization, that cast in turn a special fascination over the new masters. So justifies the name of Tiraspol for an entirely new settlement after the ancient Greek name of river Nistru and of the town of Cetatea Albă (Tyras) at the mouth of the river at the Black Sea. Similarly has Odessa received its name (founded in 1794, over the settlement of Hajji-bey), from the ancient Greek city of Odessus (today Varna in Bulgaria), Ovidiopol (founded in 1792, over the settlement of Khaji-dereh), after the Roman poet exiled at Tomis. Other toponyms created in the same period were Kherson (1788), Eupatoria, Leukopol, Sevastopol, Simferopol, Phanagoria, Theodosia (old Genoese city of Caffa), Olbiopol (1781) from the city of Olbia at the mouth of river Bug.
The city of Tiraspol was part of the New Russia gubernia (Novorosia - 1795), than of Nikolaev gubernia (1802) and Kherson (1806).
This is a coin issued by Transnistria. Knowing one might rightfully be wondering what is Transnistria about, we tried to depict on the site the issue as best as we could. Click the links below to clarify yourself.
For further information confront the Modern and contemporary history section inside the Brief and Comprehensive History of Romanians and Romania page.
Why Transnistrian Coins on Romanian Coins?
Because Transnistrian coins are held in their pockets and used as such by Romanian speaking Romanians on their native land.