||10 lei 2012 - Nicolae Steinhardt - 100 Years since Birth / Monastery of Rohia||
31 mm diameter, 31.103 g, 99.9% silver, grained edge |
face value "10 LEI", coat of arms of Romania, ROMANIA, year 2012, on background a picture of the new church from Rohia Monastery, on foreground the silhouettes of the summer altar of the monastery, of the new church and of another building (from right to left), inscription "Manastirea Sfanta Ana - Rohia" meaning "Saint Ann Monastery - Rohia", all inside a circle made from three interwowen lines, reminding the twisted belt carved in stone that surrounded the churches of the Trei Ierarhi and Cetățuia Monasteries from Iași
|Reverse: head of monk Nicolae, on background library shelves, inscriptions "Monahul de la Rohia" meaning "THE MONK FROM ROHIA" and "NICOLAE STEINHARDT", years 1912 and 1989, all inside a circle made from three interwowen lines
Issuing date: 9th of July 2012
Mintage: 500 coins
About the Monastery of Rohia
The monastery was founded by Nicolae Gherman (1877 - 1959), priest in Rohia, for the memory of his daughter Anuța (Annie). The first works started in 1923 and the consecration took place in 1926. The monastery is placed in the county of Maramureș, at 9 km from Tîrgu Lăpuș.
The old church, built between 1923 and 1925, was dismantled in 1996, when the construction of a new church was started on the very same place of the initial one. Inside the courtyard of the monastery there is a traditional wooden church that was erected in 2001 and is dedicated also to Saint Anna.
About Nicolae Steinhardt
Nicu-Aureliu Steinhardt was a literary critic, journalist and writer. He was born in 1912 in Bucharest, in the family of an engineer named Oscar-Saia Steinhardt. His father belonged to an old Jewish family that was established in the country in the 18th century.
He studied at Spiru Haret High School, then he graduated the Faculty of Law of the University of Bucharest. He passed his PhD thesis in law in 1936, in Bucharest also. He practiced as a lawyer until shortly after WWII (he will be excluded from the bar in 1947) and published various articles in several cultural magazines of the time. In the years 1934 and 1935 he participated to the meetings of the Sburătorul literary circle. P>
In 1959 he was involved in the trial of the Noica - Dinu Pillat "batch" (by which he refused to testify against the defendants), and he was sentenced to 12 years of hard labor. On 15th of March 1960 Steinhardt, serving time at Jilava prison, was baptized Orthodox Christian by priest Mina Dobzeu, who was his cell mate.
He is out of prison after the amnesty of political prisoners in 1964. He resumes his articles in journals, and he published several books of literary criticism and essays. In 1978 and in 1979-1980 he undertook two visits to Western Europe. In August 1980 Steinhardt became monk at Rohia Monastery. After Steinhardt's death, the cell where he lived located in the building called "Poet's House", was organized as a museum.
The best known book of Steinhardt's is the "Journal of Happiness". The manuscript of the book was confiscated by Securitate (Security - the secret police agency of the Communist regime) in 1972, being returned only after three years. Although some passages were published in the books published during his lifetime, the first complete edition of the Journal appeared posthumously in 1991, at Dacia Publishing House in Cluj Napoca.