||Tomis - 4 assaria - Philippus II / Homonoia||
25 mm diameter, 10.1 g, AE |
Obverse: cuirassed and draped bust of Philippus II to the right, legend MIOVΛΦIΛIΠΠOCKAICAP, outer pearl circle
|Reverse: goddess Homonoia to the left, wearing chiton (tunic) and himation (cloak), with patera in extended right hand and with cornucopia in the left hand, face value 4 (Δ = D = 4), legend MHTPOΠΠONT OVTOMEΩC, outer pearl circle|
The ancient coin on the page is present on Romanian coins through the kind permission of Mr. Răzvan Dobrin. The coin corresponds to the description at number 2316 in the Moushmov catalog and is described in AMNG I at position 3619 (AMNG = Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands, B. Pick, 1898).
About the legends on the coin
The legend accompanying the bust of emperor Philippus II is M IOVΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOC KAICAP, standing for the Greek translation of Latin MARCUS IULIUS FILIPPUS CAESAR.
The legend MHTPOΠ (short for MHTPOΠOΛEOC) - shows that the city was a metropolis, capital city of the Pontic City Confederation; probably a good translation for it would be Tomis, Metropolis of Pontus or maybe [coin of] Tomis, Metropolis of Pontus.
There are three letter ligatures in the writing of the legends: AP in KAICAP, ON in ΠONT and ΩC in TOMEΩC.
About Philippus II (237 - 249)
Marcus Iulius Philippus Severus was born in 238 AD. He was appointed as caesar - heir of the throne - by emperor Philip the Arab, his father, in 244 AD. In 247 he received the rank of augustus. In 249 Trajan Decius defeated Philip the Arab in battle, and the small boy Philippus was killed by the soldiers.
Homonoia (Concordia at Romans) was the personification of the order, unanimity, harmony, concord and unity. The ancient Greeks appreciated very much the absence of internal frictions and the unity of thought of the citizens of their cities.