||Tobacco Manufacture of Bucharest||
31 mm, brass |
in center "1 ḐI", meaning "1 DAY", circular inscription "MANUFACTURA DE TUTUN BUCURESCI" meaning "TOBACCO MANUFACTURE BUCHAREST", outer pearl circle
|ROMANIA, coat of arms of Romania, outer pearl circle|
"Belvedere" Tobacco Manufacture from Bucharest was established in 1864, the very same year when the state monopoly over tobacco products was introduced in Romania.
Judging solely on the coat ot arms, the same one used on the small divizionary coins from 1867, it is very likely that the token was struck between 1867 and 1872 (when a new series of coins were struck featuring a new layout and composition of the coat of arms of Romania). The value "1 ḐI" meaning "1 DAY" displayed on the coin implies probably that the payment to the workers was handed out at specific times of a month and the wage was not influenced by the calendar based fluctuation of monthly working days. The tokens were accumulated over to the payment day and turned to cash currency. A day's work worth might have fluctuated due to various reasons though, therefore the token does not have the value expressed in any currency.
The token pictures above are present on Romanian coins through the kind permission of Mr. J. Ardelean.