||100 rubles 2007
Ataman Anton Golovaty
32 mm diameter, 14.14 g, silver 92.5%, flat edge |
Obverse: denomination "100 RUBLEI" (Cyrillic), coat of arms of the self proclaimed republic of Transnistria (bearing hammer and sickle), inscription "PRIDNESTROVSKII RESPUBLIKANSKII BANK" (in Cyrillic and Russian) meaning "[TRANS] NISTRIAN REPUBLICAN BANK", year 2007, below the silver fineness - 925
|Reverse: image of ataman Golovaty over a besieged fortress (probably Berezan), above the coat of arms of the Black Sea Cossack Host, with the year of the establishment, 1787, inscriptions "ANTON GOLOVATY", "ATAMAN CKV 1732-1797" and, on a ribbon, "PRIDNESTROVIE - KRAI KAZACII" meaning [Trans]NISTRIA - COSSACK LAND (inscriptions with Cyrillic letters, in Russian)
Mintage: 500 coins
The coin belongs to the series Transnistria, Cossack Land.
About the Cossack Host of the Black Sea - CKV
Cossack Host (meaning Army) of the Black Sea - CKV, Cernomorskoe Kazacie Voisko - was established in 1787, through the ukaze of empress Catherine II, comprizing mainly Zaporozhian Cossacks. These Cossacks played an important role in the Russian Turkish war waged between years 1787 and 1792, that had the aftermath of having the border of the Czarist Empire moved on the line of River Nistru. The Host was bestowed with the area between Southern Bug River and River Nistru, with the seat at Slobozia, near the emplacement of not yet settled town of Tiraspol. In 1792 these Cossacks were displaced to Kuban, North of Caucasus. This was a reward for their loyal service, namely an uninhabited steppe region that the Russian Empire had gained control of in 1784. In 1860 the CKV became part of the Cossack Host of Kuban. So the stay of the Cossack Host of the Black Sea in Transnistria was of six years at most.
In December 1991, the Cossack Host of the Black Sea was reestablished in Transnistria, colonel Alexander Kucher, former second in command of the 14th Russian Army commander being invested ataman. To a simpler understanding , the Cossack Host reprezented a major component of the combatant forces that attacked the legitimate authorities of the Republic of Moldova, being used to boost the picture of popular support toward founding a state of Transnistria.
About Anton Golovaty (Antin Holovaty in Ukrainian)
Anton Golovaty was born in a noble Cossack family and enjoyed studies at the Movilean Academy in Kiev, founded by Romanian metropolitan Petru Movilă. After the dissolution in 1775 of the Zaporozhian Cossack Host by Potemkin at the order of empress Catherine II, most of the senior Cossacks were repressed or fled. More than a half of the Zaporozhian Cossacks chose to pass in the territories controlled by the Ottoman Empire, receiving protection from the sultan. Anton Golovaty stayed loyal to the Russian Empire, escaping repression thanks to the Russian noble title he had received previously. He is credited, at in the condition of the Russian Turkish war between 1787 and 1792, with the reorganization and rallying of many Cossacks into the Host of Loyal Zaporozhians. Once the war was over, he led personally the resettlement of 25000 people in Kuban (Northern Caucasus). He died in today's Azerbaidjan, during a military campain against Persia.
Anton Golovaty was also known as a poet, Taras Shevchenko having collected several of his poems.
This is a coin issued by Transnistria. Knowing one might rightfully be wondering what is Transnistria about, we tried to depict on the site the issue as best as we could. Click the links below to clarify yourself.
For further information confront the Modern and contemporary history section inside the Brief and Comprehensive History of Romanians and Romania page.
Why Transnistrian Coins on Romanian Coins?
Because Transnistrian coins are held in their pockets and used as such by Romanian speaking Romanians on their native land.