||ducat 1731 - Carol VI||
? mm, ~3.5 g, gold 98%
Obverse: outer pearl circle, bust of emperor Carol VI facing left and legend:
CAROL·VI D·G·R·I·___ S·A·G·H·H·B·R
Reverse: outer pearl circle, inside the double headed eagle holding the Transylvanian coat of arms on its chest and legend:
The legend starts on the obverse and ends on the reverse:
CAROL·VI D·G·R·I·___S·A·G·H·H·B·R ·ARCHID·A·D·B·PRINC·TRANSYL·1731 , standing for
and meaning Carol VI, by the grace of God emperor of the Romans, evermore august, king of Germany, Spain, Hungary and Bohemia, archduke of Austria, duke of Burgundy and prince of Transylvania.
Medieval Transylvanian mintage knows a few main evolutionary periods: the period of the Hungarian kingdom that struck coin inside the Carpathian space (close to the gold mines, to say so), autonomous principality period (under Turkish suzerainity), Habsburg period up to Maria Theresa during which properly called Transylvanian coins kept on being struck (bearing the face of either the emperor or the empress, but also the coat of arms of the principality) and the last one that reminds of Transylvania only through mint ensigns on regular imperial coins.
The life of the autonomous Transylvanian principality under Habsburgs lasted from 1691 to 1867, when Austro-Hungarian dualism brought it to an end. The principality enjoyed a separate statute (endorsed by the Leopoldian Diploma), being direct subject of the emperor. Through the Carlowitz peace (1699) and the one of Passarowitz (1718) the Porte was compelled to acknowledge Austrian domination in Transylvania.
The coin in the pictures above belongs to the third period, being a golden ducat struck by Carol VI (1711 - 1740). Also not so old, it is a rare coin worth something around 1.000 and 1.500 euros.
It appears at position 2848 in Monede şi bancnote româneşti.
The gold coin pictures above are present on Romanian coins through the kind permission of Mr. Clark Smith, numismatist and renowned specialist in world gold coins.