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10 lei 2012 - Patera from the Pietroasa Hoard - History of Gold Series
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13.92 mm diameter, 1.224 g, 99.9% gold, reeded edge
Obverse: ROMANIA, face value 10 LEI, coat of arms of Romania, year 2012, a part of the patera from the Pietroasa Hoard, with several characters
Reverse: a perspective view of the patera, above this image the statuette in the center of the patera, above and below inscriptions "PATERA" and "TEZAURUL DE LA PIETROASA", the last meaning "HOARD FROM PIETROASA"

Issuing date: 17th of December 2012

Mintage: 500 coins


About the Patera from Pietroasa Hoard

The noun "patera" is used for a shallow and broad dish used by the ancients for libations (for pouring liquids - especially wine - as offering to the gods). Odobescu translated the word "patera" in Romanian as "strachină" [3] - the name of a shallow and often adorned dish, used by Romanian peasants as plate.

The patera from Pietroasa has almost 26 centimeters in diameter and weighs 2097 grams [1]. The object is composed from two sheets of gold soldered together. The inner one is adorned, and the outer one is plain.

In the middle of the patera lies a woman wearing long tunic, sitting on a throne without back and holding cup with both hands. The sides of the throne are adorned with grape vines. The statuette is surrounded by a frieze on which are represented a shepard with his dog and several other animals. Toward the outer rim lies another frieze, occupying the largest part of the patera's surface, on which 16 characters are represented. Near the outer edge swirls a grape vine liana.

Unfortunately until the present day a generally accepted interpretation of the representations on the patera does not exist. The characters were described either as Germanic deities, or Greco-Roman - possibly Cybele with her henchmen [2], [4].

References

1. Burda Șt., Tezaure de aur din România (Gold Hoards from Romania). Ed. Meridiane, București, 1979.

2. Leahu Doina, Arbunescu Al., Oanță-Marghitu Rodica, Dumitriu Luminița, Mălăncioiu Raluca, Amarie M., Oberländer-Târnoveanu Al., Tezaurul. Ed. Age-Art, without place and year.

3. Odobescu A., Le trésor de Pétrossa. Historique - description. Étude sur l'orfèvrerie antique. Tome premier. éditeur J. Rothschild, Paris, 1889-1900.

4. Odobescu A., Le trésor de Pétrossa. Historique - description. Étude sur l'orfèvrerie antique. Tome deuxième. éditeur J. Rothschild, Paris, 1896.


The History of gold series comprises four pieces of 500 lei from 2001 (featuring the golden cache of Pietroasa), three 100 lei coins from 1999 (and from 2002 and 2003 too) with the Dacian helmet of Poiana-Coțofenești, from 2003 with an eagle from Apahida, from 2004 with the Cantacuzinian engolpion and several of 10 new lei from 2005 with the Perșinari hoard, from 2006 with the Cucuteni-Băiceni hoard, from 2007 with the rhyton of Poroina, from 2008 with the Hinova hoard, from 2010 with the Someșeni hoard, from 2011 with the buckle of Curtea de Argeș and with the cross from Dinogetia and from 2012 with the patera from Pietroasa Hoard.


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