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50 lei 2013 - Mute Swan - Cygnus olor
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30 mm diameter, 16.5 g, 99.9% silver, grained edge
year 2013, circular inscription REPUBLICA MOLDOVA meaning "REPUBLIC OF MOLDAVIA" and the coat of arms of the Republic of Moldavia, in exergue horizontal line and denomination "50 LEI"
inside linear circle a mute swan floating near reeds, circular inscription · CARTEA ROȘIE · LEBĂDA CUCUIATĂ · CYGNUS OLOR meaning "RED BOOK MERCURY'S BUMPED SWAN" (the scientific name being written with cursive capital letters)

Issuing date: 29th of November 2013

Mintage: 2000 coins

The Red Book series comprises the following 10 lei silver coins (over to June 2018):

- wildcat and green woodpecker in 2001,

- black stork and European mink in 2003,

- pine marten in 2004,

- imperial eagle in 2005,

- great bustard in 2006,

- European ground squirrel in 2007 and

- white waterlily in 2008.

The series also comprises the following 50 lei coins:

- Eurasian spoonbill in 2011,

- otter and lady's slipper in 2012,

- mute swan and Coenagrion mercuriale damselfly in 2013,

- glossy ibis and the peony Paeonia peregrina in 2014,

- European pond turtle in 2015,

- red-breasted goose in 2016,

- Dianthus deltoides - maiden pink in 2018 (2017).

About Cygnus olor Swan

The mute swan (named bumped-swan or summer-swan in Romanian) can reach a length of 1.5 meters and a wingspan of about 2.5 meters. The cobs (or male swans) can weigh even 12 kg; the pen (female swan) can reach 9 kg. The feathers of the adult mute swan are white. The beak is orange, bordered with black. The Romanian common name comes from a swelling above the beak. Currently this species of swans is not endangered, being common in many European countries. Due to its elegant and characteristic posture, with the S-shaped neck, the mute swan is loved by many people as an iconic symbol for grace and love. In domestic or semi-domestic state these swans are found in many parks inside the big cities.

In Romania the mute swan is a summer visiting bird. The mute swans nest mainly into the Danube Delta, migrating to the South in the winter. In the years with mild winter some mute swans spend the winter in Romania [1].

The mute swan also appears on a 10 rubles struck in 2009 by Transnistrian separatists.


1. Radu D., Păsările lumii. Editura Albatros, București, 1977.

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