||10 lei 2015 - Crown of Queen Marie of Romania||
13.92 mm diameter, 1.224 g, 99.9% gold, reeded edge |
Obverse: ROMANIA, coat of arms of Romania, face value 10 LEI, year 2015, crown of queen Marie of Romania
|Reverse: queen Marie wearing her crown, inscription "COROANA REGINEI MARIA"
meaning "CROWN OF QUEEN MARIE"
Issuing date: 21st of December 2015
Mintage: 500 coins
The History of gold series comprises:
- a set of four pieces of 500 old lei featuring the golden cache of Pietroasa (2001),
- the following 100 old lei coins with
- the Dacian helmet of Poiana-Coțofenești (1999, 2002 and 2003),
- the eagle from Apahida (2003),
- a Cantacuzinian engolpion (2004),
- the following 10 new lei with
- the Perșinari Hoard (2005),
- the Cucuteni-Băiceni hoard (2006),
- the rhyton of Poroina (2007),
- the Hinova hoard (2008),
- the Someșeni hoard (2010),
- the buckle of Curtea de Argeș (2011),
- the cross from Dinogetia (2011),
- the patera from Pietroasa Hoard (2012),
- the Four Gospels of Hurezi Monastery (2013),
- two ancient gold coins struck at Histria (2014),
- the crown of queen Marie (2015).
About the crown worn by Queen Marie at her crowning
The crown worn by Queen Marie at the Alba Iulia crowning, at October 15th 1922, appears on the 25 lei 1922 and on 50 lei gold coins, and also on the anniversary 100 lei coin from 2010. The crown was manufactured at Paris, at the jewelry firm "Falize", after the sketches of the Romanian painter Costin Petrescu. He inspired himself from the crown worn by Lady Elena - Despina (wife of Neagoe Basarab, ruler of Walachia between 1512 and 1521, daughter of the Serbian despot Jovan Brankovic) on the votive painting of the bishopric church in Curtea de Argeș.
The crown has radiate arms, ending with fleur-de-lis. The crown has many inserted gems. At each side is a pendant, with a disk with three rows of beads ended with a "crux gammata", a cross with arms shaped like the Greek letter gamma. On the disks are represented the Romanian and respectively the Great Britain coat of arms (the last, as a homage to the British origin of Queen Marie). Atop is a crux gammata. From the artistic point of view, the crown belongs to the 1900 style (Art Nouveau).
The crown has almost 2 kg, 17.5 centimeters in diameter at the bottom and 18 centimeters in height. Nowadays it is displayed at the National History Museum in Bucharest, in the Treasury Room.